Phlebotomy Technicians are trained to draw blood from a patient for clinical or medical testing, transfusions, donations, or research. Phlebotomy technicians collect blood primarily by performing venipunctures, (or, for collection of minute quantities of blood, finger sticks). Blood may be collected from infants by means of a heel stick. The duties of a Phlebotomist include properly identifying the patient, interpreting the tests requested on the requisition, drawing blood into the correct tubes with the proper additives, accurately explaining the procedure to the patients, preparing patients accordingly, practicing the required forms of asepsis, practicing standard and universal precautions, performing the skin/vein puncture, withdrawing blood into containers or tubes, restoring homeostasis of the puncture site, instructing patients on "post puncture care", delivering specimens back to a laboratory in the specified manner (as requested by the hospital and laboratory procedures of the hospital or outpatient phlebotomy center), ordering tests per the doctor requisition, affixing tubes with electronically printed labels, and giving specimens to a Clinical Laboratory Scientist (CLS) or a Medical Laboratory Scientist (MLS).
Prerequisite: Successfully completed Phlebotomy Technician certification course from any government licensed institute.